Do / Does – questions and negative sentences


We use ‚do‘ and ‚does‘ to make questions in present simple tense (ongoing action at present).


Do you speak English? Yes, I do.

Do you speak French? No, I don’t (do not)

Does he like animals? Yes, he does.

Does he like milk? No, he doesn’t (does not).

Does she like football? Yes, she does.

Does she like bananas? No, she doesn’t.

Do we travel to work by car? No, we don’t.

Do they live in Edinburgh? Yes, they do.

Do they ride bicycles to work? No, they don’t.

As you can see above, do/does are also used in short answers. That is the correct way to answer Yes/No questions in English!

We use ‚do/does‘ in negative sentences:

I don’t like spiders.

You don’t drink coffee.

He doesn’t play computer games.

She doesn’t play with dolls.

We don’t own a flat in Madrid.

They don’t travet to work by train.

‚Do/Does‘ has NO meaning in the sentences above. It is only used for grammatical purposes! It is often called an ‚auxiliary verb‘.