Have/Has got

Have / Has got – to own, to possess

Positive sentences:

I have got a car.

You have got a bicycle.

He has got a dog.

She has got a boyfriend.

It has got green eyes.

We have got a flat in London.

They have got a house in the country.

Negative sentences:

I haven’t got a girlfriend.

You haven’t got a blue car.

He hasn’t (has not) got a dog.

She hasn’t got a job.

It hasn’t got sharp teeth.

We haven’t got a flat in London.

They haven’t got any pets.

Remember: In the 3rd singular (he, she, it) we use ‚has/hasn’t‘ instead of ‚have/haven’t‘!

Questions and answers:

Have you got a car?   Yes, I have.

Have you got a motorbike?   No, I haven’t (have not).

Has he got a brother?   Yes, he has.

Has he got a wife?   No, he hasn’t (has not).

Has she got any pets?   Yes, she has.

Has she got a bicycle?   No, she hasn’t (has not).

Has it got a radio?   Yes, it has.

Has it got green eyes?   No, it hasn’t (has not).

Have we got time?   Yes, we have.

Have we got money?   No, we haven’t (have not).

Have they got any children?   Yes, they have.

Have they got a house?   No, they haven’t (have not).

It is also possible to make questions as:

Do you have a car?   Yes, I do.

Do you have a wife?   No, I don’t (do not).

Does he have a wife?   No, he doesn’t.

Does she have a husband?   Yes, she does.

This is more common in American English.

© www.swotting.eu

Do/does

Do / Does – questions and negative sentences

 

We use ‚do‘ and ‚does‘ to make questions in present simple tense (ongoing action at present).

Examples:

Do you speak English? Yes, I do.

Do you speak French? No, I don’t (do not)

Does he like animals? Yes, he does.

Does he like milk? No, he doesn’t (does not).

Does she like football? Yes, she does.

Does she like bananas? No, she doesn’t.

Do we travel to work by car? No, we don’t.

Do they live in Edinburgh? Yes, they do.

Do they ride bicycles to work? No, they don’t.

As you can see above, do/does are also used in short answers. That is the correct way to answer Yes/No questions in English!

We use ‚do/does‘ in negative sentences:

I don’t like spiders.

You don’t drink coffee.

He doesn’t play computer games.

She doesn’t play with dolls.

We don’t own a flat in Madrid.

They don’t travet to work by train.

‚Do/Does‘ has NO meaning in the sentences above. It is only used for grammatical purposes! It is often called an ‚auxiliary verb‘.

© www.swotting.eu

Time

Telling the time

To ask for the time we say:

‚What’s the time?‘

‚What time is it?‘

In English we usually use a 12-hour clock. (24-hour clock is used only by military.)

Morning is from midnight (12am) to noon (12pm)

afternoon is from 12.01pm to about 5pm

evening is from about 6pm to about 9pm

night is from 10pm to midnight (0.00)

a.m. = ante meridiem (in Latin)

p.m. = post meridiem (in Latin)

Every hour is divided into two 30-minute periods.

For 1st to 30th minute we use past the hour and for 31st to 59th we use to the hour.

15 minutes past the hour is ‚ quarter past……‘

30minutes past the hour is ‚half past….‘

45 minutes past the hours is ‚quarter to…….‘

Examples:

5.00 a.m. = it’s five o’clock

6.05 a.m. = it’s five minutes past six in the morning

8.10 a.m. = it’s ten minutes past eight in the morning

9.15 a.m. = it’s quarter past nine in the morning

10.20 a.m. = it’s twenty minutes past ten in the morning

11.25 a.m. = it’s twenty-five past eleven in the morning

12.30 p.m. = it’s half past twelve in the afternoon

1.35 p.m. (or 13.35) = it’s twenty-five to two in the afternoon

2.40 p.m. (14.40) = it’s twenty to three in the afternoon

3.45 p.m (15.45) = it’s quarter to four in the afternoon

4.50 p.m. (16.50) = it’s ten to five in the afternoon

5.55.p.m. (17.55) = it’s five to six in the evening

6.00 p.m. (18.00) = it’s six o’clock in the evening

When talking about timetables (buses, trains, TV) we can say:

10.25am = ten twenty-five am (pronounced ‚ej em‘)

3.30pm = three thirty pm (pronounced ‚pee em‘)

Examples:

train leaves at 2.30pm = we can say: ‚ the train leaves at two thirty pee em‘

Top Gear at 8pm = we can say: ‚ the Top gear show starts at eight pee em‘

bus goes at 7.30am = we can say ‚ the bus goes at seven thiry ej em‘ or ‚at half past seven‘

© www.swotting.eu

Pronouns

Objective pronouns

Form:

I – me

You – you

He – him

She – her

It – it

We – us

They – them

Examples:

Paul sends me a funny email every week.

She calls you 4x (4 times) a day. How can you tolerate that?

You also receive an email from him.

Mother give her £20 pocket money a week.

She spends it on new clothes and shoes.

Our mother used to give us £5 a month.

I called my parents and told them about the wedding next year.

Reflexive pronouns

Singular form:

I – myself

You – yourself

He – himself

She – herself

It – itself

Plural form:

We – ourselves

You – yourselves

They – themselves

Examples:

Nobody helped me, I fixed the computer myself.

When you want something to be done, do it yourself!

He lives by himself in his new flat. No one else lives there.

She did it all by herself!

The flat won’t clean itself, so get up and do it!

We promised ourselves a nice holiday abroad this summer.

You two can organise it yourselves, so don’t bother me with that anymore.

Paul and Dee went to Spain all by themselves, they left their children at home.

© www.swotting.eu